Objective I: Plant diversity is well understood, documented and recognized
Objective II: Plant diversity is urgently and effectively conserved
Objective III: Plant diversity is used in a sustainable and equitable manner
Objective IV: Education and awareness about plant diversity, its role in sustainable livelihoods and importance to all life on earth is promoted
Objective V: The capacities and public engagement necessary to implement the Strategy have been developed
For the purposes of the target, 'production lands' refer to lands where the primary purpose is agriculture (including horticulture), grazing or wood production.
One third of the world's land area is used for food production and agricultural landscapes can be found in almost every part of the world. Over a billion people are dependant on forest products for their livelihoods. This target therefore has very wide implications.
The term 'consistent with the conservation of plant diversity' implies that land management practices should integrate a number of objectives, including:
The conservation of plant diversity in production lands, including genetic diversity.
Protection of plant species in the wider production landscape that are unique, threatened or of socio-economic importance.
The avoidance of significant adverse effects on plant diversity in surrounding ecosystems, for example by avoiding excessive release of agro-chemicals and preventing soil erosion.
Traditional agricultural and forestry practices that maintain a high level of plant diversity in production systems are likely to be more effective in adapting to climate change than large scale monocultures. The deployment of plant genetic diversity in agricultural and forestry systems therefore should also be encouraged as an important management response to climate change.
Download an introduction to Target 6 here.
Increasingly, integrated production methods are being applied in agriculture, including organic production, integrated pest management, conservation agriculture and on-farm management of plant genetic resources. Similarly, sustainable forest management practices are being more broadly applied.
However, there are questions concerning the extent to which plant diversity specifications are incorporated into such schemes. It is believed that a better understanding of plant conservation needs by the agriculture and forestry sectors would help the achievement of this target.
The implementation of this target is closely linked to the CBD's Programme of Work on Agricultural Biodiversity and also contributes to Target 7 of the Aichi targets of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020:
T7: By 2020 areas under agriculture, aquaculture and forestry are managed sustainably, ensuring conservation of biodiversity.
Regional initiatives on criteria and indicators for sustainable forest management and certification schemes provide agreed frameworks for forest management in which plant conservation is a consideration.
A good practice guide to Sustainable Forest Management has been produced by the CBD Secretariat and is available in English French and Spanish. Copies can be downloaded here.
In Europe, it is recognised that sound agricultural management practices can have a substantial positive impact on the conservation of wild flora and fauna.
The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) addresses the preservation of habitats and biodiversity by:
Specific Rural Development measures targeted towards the preservation of habitats and biodiversity (agri-environment and Natura 2000 payments).
Requirements included in the scope of cross compliance (Birds and Habitats Directives).
The Biodiversity Action Plan for Agriculture was adopted in 2001. It is based on the use of a number of CAP instruments benefiting biodiversity. This includes measures that encompass environmental requirements integrated into market policy and targeted environmental measures that form part of the Rural Development Programmes. The priorities of the Action Plan are:
the promotion and support of environmentally-friendly farming practices and systems that benefit biodiversity directly or indirectly;
the support of sustainable farming activities in biodiversity-rich areas;
the maintenance and enhancement of good ecological infrastructures, and the promotion of actions to conserve local or threatened livestock breeds or plant varieties.
The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) helps member countries to achieve sustainable increases in production of crops and grasslands through the development of integrated production systems and rational grassland management. A recent initiative is the launch of a compendium for Sustainable Crop Production Intensification.
Please also check in the database of Tools of Resources for Case Studies relevant to this target.
This booklet, produced by the CBD Secretariat, provides a range of case studies and other materials to make the forestry sector more biodiversity-friendly and socially beneficial.Download
This Standard, developed by the Sustainable Agriculture Network aims to encourage farmers to analyze and consequently mitigate environmental and social risks caused by agriculture and is based on the themes of environmental soundness, social equity and economic viability.Download
The FAO Global Forest Assessment provides the most consistent reporting on sustainable forest management and this increasingly takes biodiversity considerations into account.
Please contact us if you have any questions, comments and suggestions related to this target.